The 4 Pillars of the ATP Type III Swing

Dr. Brian Gordon

What are the key components not in some so-called ATP forehands, but in the Type III swing?

My recent articles have questioned the assertion that females can’t hit an "ATP Forehand". (Click Here.) But what is an ATP forehand? Good question.

It is not clear when the predominant forehand style on the men’s tour received the official designation of the "ATP Forehand". What is clear is that it is common terminology in tennis these days and the subject of much discussion and disagreement.

There is no consensus definition that I’m aware of. It seems to mean different things to different people, as not all ATP players use the exact same swing.


I began investigating the swing types about two decades ago. Using various motion quantification systems to assess the technique of many players in terms of the biomechanics, I began to formulate a definition of the basic components of what I myself defined as the "ATP Forehand".

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Dr. Brian Gordon has changed the understanding of the biomechanics of high level tennis technique. His Biomechanically Engineered Stroke Technique (BEST) is the only empirically based stroke mechanics system in the world, growing from three decades of both academic and applied on court research. He is a founder of the Tennis Center for Performance Research in Miami, Florida, which is creating a new paradigm for player development. The center has assembled an unprecedented group of specialists with cutting edge knowledge across the entire range of tennis performance.

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